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Breast cancer treatments


Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor affecting women worldwide. One in eight women is diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. However, not everyone who suffers from it has the same staging. Thus, there is a large diversity of breast cancers (we talk about types of breast cancer in another article). It is for this reason that there are many different therapies to deal with it.

Depending on the type of breast cancer detected, the age, the pathophysiological condition of the person, and other factors, specialists decide to combine some of the most efficient treatments in different ways. The following therapies are used, either alone or in combination, as they are the most common and effective. However, this does not mean that they are the only ones that are employed.

Chemotherapy is the administration of chemical drugs. They attack the tumor attempting to prevent it from growing. It is also employed to reduce the size of the tumor before surgery.

Surgery removes cancer tissue. It can be a breast-conserving surgery, only extracting the tumor, or mastectomy, which is the total resection of the breast considering that the neoplasm is too massive or too widespread.

Radiation therapy is the application of rays to kill cancer cells. It helps reduce recurrences and mortality due to this cancer.

Hormone therapy is the administration of inhibitory and agonist drugs of different hormones, among others, to stop the hormonal signaling and prevent the tumor from growing so fast.

Biological therapy or immunotherapy helps the immune system attack cancer cells.

Some examples of treatment to follow would be: breast cancers in stages I and II are usually treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy. In stage III (with dissemination to adjacent lymph nodes) requires chemotherapy, breast-conserving surgery or total mastectomy, and radiation therapy.

We must remember that each case is different, and the treatment of its cancer is personalized.

*Please note that we are not in a position to give you medical advice. Every case is different and every woman needs specific care. You can refer to your physician if you are seeking medical consultation.

El cáncer de mama es el tumor más frecuente que afecta a las mujeres en todo el mundo. A una de cada ocho mujeres se le diagnostica cáncer de mama en algún momento de su vida. Sin embargo, no todos los que lo padecen tienen el mismo tipo de cáncer. Por lo tanto, existe una gran diversidad de cánceres de mama (hablamos de tipos de cáncer de mama en otro artículo). Es por ello que existen muchas terapias diferentes para tratarlo.

Dependiendo del tipo de cáncer de mama detectado, la edad, la condición fisiopatológica de la persona y otros factores, los especialistas deciden combinar algunos de los tratamientos más eficientes de diferentes formas. Se utilizan las siguientes terapias, solas o combinadas, ya que son las más comunes y efectivas. Sin embargo, esto no significa que sean las únicas empleados.

La quimioterapia es la administración de fármacos químicos. Atacan el tumor intentando evitar que crezca. También se emplea para reducir el tamaño del tumor antes de la cirugía.

La cirugía elimina el tejido canceroso. Puede ser una cirugía de conservación de la mama, solo extrayendo el tumor, o una mastectomía, que es la extracción total de la mama considerando que la neoplasia es demasiado masiva o está demasiado diseminada.

La radioterapia es la aplicación de rayos para destruir las células cancerosas. Ayuda a reducir las recurrencias y la mortalidad debidas a este cáncer.